Українська Англійська

History

    The history of fire and rescue training unit begins with the fire training brigade (FTB), which was established at Kyiv courses for officers in 1948. The chief of fire training brigade was senior lieutenant Gregory Rytchenko, who was occupying this post from 15.03.1951 to 10.09.1952. KYIV Fire technical school has been formed since October 1952.
       In May 1954 this school was relocated in Lviv and was named Lviv Fire Technical School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR. Technician - Lt. Romanenko Oleksii was appointed to be the chief of the fire brigade of LFTS of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR, who was occupying this post from 16.04.54  to 01.11.1955.
      01.11.1955, Senior Technician - Lieutenant Horbunov Mykolawas appointed at the post of the chief of the fire brigade of LFTS of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR.
      01.11.1957 major Basil Nevteneyko was appointed at the post of the chief of the fire brigade of LFTS of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR, who was working here until 31.12.1959 year.
      1959 FTB of school by order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR was renamed in the Fire Training Unit (FTU) Lviv Fire Technical School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR. 01.09.1959, lieutenant-technician Pavlinov Oleksiiwas appointed the chief of FTU Lviv Fire Technical School of USSR. Personnel of FTU consisted of 34 men during its formation.
     October 10, 1967 Major Kyshmulyn was appointed at the post of the chief of FTU Lviv  Fire Technical School of USSR.
      In 1969, the post of the commander of the guard was occupied by lieutenant–technician Zadorozhnyi .
      In 1970, the posts of the commander of the guard  were occupied by Shkliaruk Volodymyr and Bohdan Valerii.
      In 1971, captain Lobaiev was appointed at the postthe chief of FTU Lviv FireTechnical School of USSR. Personnel of FTU consisted of 40 people.
     In 1972 the posts of the commander of the guard  were occupied by lieutenants Kolodiy, Bilan, Lazarenko.
     In 1973 the technician base of FTU increased considerably. New technique arrived.
     In the summer of 1976 all cars are repainted according to the new state standards. It was reconstruction in the unit, it was built premises for commander of the guard.
     In 1979 the deputy chief of FTU became lieutenant Lushpak B.M, commanders of the guard lieutenants Hrytsai A., Tkachenko S. A.
     In 1980, the chief of FTU was lieutenant colonel Minkovych V.H. In February 1981, the commander of the guard was Koziar M.M.
     In 1989, before the beginning ofa school year two floors of a new building of FTU were built. Horobets V. Kh was the chief of FTU, Captain Kysil T.Ye was the deputy chief.
     September 17, 1992 in FTU and in the cycle of practical training, which is located on the third floor , reattestation took place.
     04.07.1994, captain of internal service was Hrypiak V.I., who stayed at this post until 17.06.1996.
     21.06.1999 to 28.04.2001 Dvorianyn  I. V. was the chief of FTU.
     28.04.2001 , the position of Chief of FTU of Lviv Institute of Fire Safety Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine was occupied by the captain of internal serviceLushch V.I., deputy chief was major Andrushko.
     21.09.2004, the chief of FTU of Lviv Institute of Fire Safety Ministry of Emergency Situations of Ukraine was major Voishchev O.P, who was at this post until 12.12.2005 , the deputy chief of FTU was captain  Boiko T.V.
 
     19.01.2006, the chief of FRTUwas lieutenant colonel Lashch Victor, the deputy chief of FRTU wassenior lieutenant Sukach R.Yu , teachers-methodologists were: major Sheliukh Yu.Ye., major Loza O.B. ,senior lieutenant T. Karp, senior lieutenant Hetto T.I.
      In December 2006, the post of a teacher-methodologist was occupied by senior-lieutenant  Pinder V.F., in June 2007, a teacher-methodologist was Kozyra I.M.
       In November 2008, deputy chief  of FRTU was senior lieutenant Kozyra, teacher-methodologists: captain Heta T.I., lt.Stronskyi M.V.
      In December 2009,  teacher-methodologists: captain Synelnikov S.D.,senior lieutenantKochetov Ye.S.and senior lieutenantYarmolenko I.P.
       In summer 2010, methodologist waslieutenant Dmitriev A.V.
       Summer of 2011, the chief of psychology-training center was captain Yarmolenko I.P.
       In April 2011, the chief of Fire and Rescue Training Unitwas lieutenant colonel M.V. Basov, and  deputy chief was major Demchuk Yu. Ye.
       In autumn 2011, the class and hall of the 2nd floor of FRTU were repaired .
       In the summer of 2012 the chief of psychology-training center wasmajor Peretiatko B.M.
       In the summer of 2012 buildings of the first floor were reconstructed and repaired.
 
      In February 2013 the chief of Fire and Rescue Training Unitis lieutenant colonel of the civil protection Kovalchyk V.M., deputy chief of FRTUis major Peretiatko B.M., chief of psychology-training center ismajor Leskiv N.I., methodologist ofFRTUis captain Bykai M.S.
      In August 2013 the deputy chief of Fire and Rescue Training Unit wasmajor Holovachevskyi R.Ye , methodologists were lieutenantMelnytskyi V.M.Service and lieutenant Herelei I.M.
      In November 2013 the chief of psychology-training centerwas major of civil protection Tyndyk O.S.
      In March 2013 modern of European standard respiratory protection devices of the type FAZER were introduced in the operational calculations in unsuitable for breathing environment.
    Fire and Rescue Training Unit (FRTU) is one of the main structural units of the University, which provides a harmonious mix of theory and practice and allows cadets and students to gain professional skills at the positions of rescuer, dispatcher, section leader, shiftman and psychologist.
      On the basis of FRTU practical training of commanders of the guard, section leaders, rescuers, dispatchers, paramedics, sanitary inspectors, chemist-dosimetrists and practical psychologists for rescue service of civil defence. Besides, operational calculations of FRTU are directly involved in extinguishing fires, in liquidation of consequences of accidents, natural and manmade disasters. The unit provides practical training on fire tactics, fire and rescue equipment, fire rescue training, training of gas and smoke fighter, prepares and conducts fire –tactics training.
       One of the main tasks of this unit is to provide cadets and students with the necessary knowledge and skills to learn, use and application of fire , rescue and special equipment, combat clothing, fire-rescue equipment, during practical work on fires and liquidation of emergencies that gives opportunity to get practical experience and overcome the psychological barrier under extreme conditions.
      After completing initial training cadets are on duty in fire and rescue training unit. 2013-2014 school years are without exception. Before their "baptism of fire " cadets completed special training at the Fire and Rescue Training Unit and passed credits successfully. They became familiar with the basic fire-fighting appliances and equipment, learned how to use it during emergencies.
      During 2013-2014 Fire and Rescue training unit made ​​109 trips, in which cadets were directly involved in fire fighting and liquidation of emergencies. They went to put out houses (30 times), apartments (20 times), peat and wood (15 times), basements (8 times), cars (5 times).
 AC- 40 (433371) 63B -02, AC-40 (130) 63B , AC-40 (131) 137A , ladder truck VTSU Berlet, first aid vehicle ADF -2 "Dolphin", the ADF -4 ( 2705 ) 63B , emergency vehicle Magirus RW- 2, ambulances are ivolved in operational calculation.
      During the exploitation of the fire, rescue vehicles and fire-rescue equipment, personnel of the unit constantly do something in order to improve them. Therefore, during last year, a number of works on complement and efficiency of disposition of Fire Rescue Equipment on AC were conducted.
      The use of trivet continues during practical classes for rescuing people from domestic and sewage pits and cracks. " Trivet " is much cheaper than their foreign counterparts and are much more practical in many ways. For example , universal winch can work as well as from both voltage 12V ( fire and rescue equipment) and manually. It is set within two minutes after the arrival of rescue units at the place of a call. Capacity is up to 500 kg, lifting depth is to 12 meters. There are almost no restrictions to the installation of the vertical " trivet ". Practical trial has been already conducted successfully and together with the Department of the fundamental disciplines developed the necessary technical documentation.
      Call-center service 112 and support systems in the head of the emergency board computers using fire and rescue vehicles continue its work and improve. Center is established under a state program implementation services 112 and is designed for training and educational practices of cadets and university students, retraining of dispatchers of operative- dispatching service and for  direct participation in promotions of emergencies of all types.
   There are three workstations in the centre: dispatcher, paramedic and psychologist. Each workstation has special software. In particular, electronic map is set up at the workplace of the dispatcher that displays the movement of fire and rescue departments, state of special cars, and  also the dispatcher can in real time collect images from the seat of the emergency situation. Besides, a number of web directories are set up. Reference book of hazardous substances contains a description of more than 800 explosive, flammable and toxic substances, data on features of work with them and ways of their neutralization, the description of the first medical aid and personal protective equipment in the hurt. Using the guides, the dispatcher through a voice channel with cab car can provide background information for specialists who are on the site of emergencies. A program is developed for the workplace of paramedics that contains a description of pre-medical health care in a variety of bodily harm or damage that may happen on the site of emergency situation. Using this program, paramedic can provide help to individuals who report about the emergency to witnesses or rescuers how to provide first aid to the victim until the arrival of doctors.A similar help system is designed for the psychologist, who can help people who have vreported about the emergency, to witnesses or rescuers, if it is victims in a psychological aspect(under stress, panic, etc.).
 Fixed and portable on-board computers with special software were set up on fire and rescue vehicles that help you to make decisions during liquidation of the emergencies., starting with e-cards with finding of an optimal route and finishing with various reference books: "Hazardous substances " "First aid", " Consultant of psychologist " and so on. Trucks are equipped with cameras that can transmit images from place of emergency situation and have access to the Internet for search of additional necessary information.
      Management and personnel of the Fire and Rescue training unit conduct career guidance among youth of Lviv and Ukraine's regions. Pupils often come to visit the university, become acquainted with the Fire and Rescue training unit and psychological training center. They are curiously watching at the cadets who demonstrate the work of fire and rescue equipment. Practice shows that vocational work is the need, because there are many students who are hesitant in choosing a future profession, and they are unaware of the existence of such universities.

                                            Psychological-training polygon                                        
The arrangement of polygon

 
      The purpose of the entry into action of this polygon is a special training of people to actions in emergency situations (fires, industrial accidents and disasters, natural disasters, etc.), learning of the behavior rules in unusual situations, in crowded places, gaining skills of rescuing and giving medical and psychological aid, primary rehabilitation of victims and survivors of trauma and so on. Psychological-training centre is located on the premises of the Fire and Rescue Training Unit on the territory of LSU of LS and occupies a total area of ​​400 sq.m.
      The center includes 18 rooms:
 Hall of registration;
 waiting room ;
 gym ;
 thermal zone;
 training pathway ;
 the layout of the apartment;
 layout of the industrial site ;
 the study of the chief of the PTC ;
 compressor ;
 service center ;
 Head office PTTS ;
 medical center ;
 classroom ;
 sink ;
 shower ;
 WC ;
 wardrobe ;
 workshop.
      Waiting room is designed for preliminary training of people that study and train in this centre. Additional equipment (TV, video equipment, plasma TV screen, etc. ) allows at an early stage to remove the psychological stress and uncertainty, to show the audience the future course of the training, and the complexity of its route, and to make a prediction about people who goby this route,  to determine scheme of doing correct actions.
 
      Expected results of the operation of room: staying and observation of doing exercises by other people allow at an early stage to relieve psychological stress and uncertainty, to show the audience the future course of the training, its route and complexity, as well as to do an analysis of people’s coming the route, who arrived for training, toshow their mistakes and to teach them to act correctly.
     Gym is designed to provide dosed physical load before passing the trainer path.        It has 4 trainers:
 stepper;
 racetrack;
 veloergometer;
 athletic station.
 
Trainer “Stepper”
Stepper is used for lifting imitation on staircase. It is a general purpose trainer that provides the possibility of getting dosed, predefined and variable exercise. Remote control station has all commutation equipment, which is needed for management, speed regulation and distance of passing also it has programs for training regulation of those who studies for the degree of training.
 
Basic parameters and characteristics:
 
  Adjustable load resistance;
12 training programs;
computer with digital indicator;
body weight to 150 kg .;
the possibility of adjusting the duration, calorie expenditure and loading;
the ability to control heart rate.
 
Trainer “Racetrackis designed for exercise by walking (running), and simulate the speed of movement to the place of emergency.
 
Basic parameters and characteristics:
 
Motorized load resistance;
16 training programs included in the memory;
computer with digital indicator;
body weight to 150 kg .;
adjustable speed, distance, duration, consumption of calories and loads; the ability to control heart rate.
 
Trainer”Veloergometeris designed for giving prior dosed of physical load before performing tasks in psycho-training polygon.
 
Basic parameters and characteristics:
 
9th weight  flywheel;
motorized load resistance;
 6 training programs included in the memory;
computer with digital indicator;
body weight to 150 kg;
adjustable speed, distance, duration, consumption of calories and loads; the ability to control heart rate.
 
Trainer “Athletic station” is designed for physical exercises and specific movements with dosed load that imitate the action of the rescuer during the emergency.
 
Basic parameters and characteristics:
 
the possibility of dosage load;
simultaneous exercise up to 4 people;
ability to perform up to 32 different exercises
 
Expected results:  training in a gym prepares the listeners for lift-descent in multistoried buildings, running with load and without it, to the hard physical work (strain).
 
Training track is designed for training and practicing various exercises with elements of movement in limited spaces capable of applying: emergency lighting, artificial smoke, sound imitation of an emergency. It consists of three parts: tank, thermal zone and maze.
The reservoir is designed for training of all categories of professionals using personal respiratory protection and special protective clothing for conducting emergency rescue operations and rescue of people with tanks and special containers.
The trainer is designed as a compact tank and ensures the effectiveness of educational, training and research process in accordance with modern requirements of training. The trainer consists of the following elements: 3 dome-shaped elements with window opening and 2 partitions, 2 hatches, the second external and the second internal ladders, platform and handrail.
Thermal zone is designed for testing human endurance during the high temperature in the room. In the area the temperature can be adjusted with the remote control station. Maximum temperature is - + 60 ° C. Testing in the thermal area of the center will improve professional selection of rescuers and also it is useful to  teach people how to act under elevated temperatures, assistance in case of heat stroke and so on.
The maze consists of the following imitation objects: narrow manholes of various configurations; hatches; ladders; imitation of pipeline. Routes is defined using step by step control system, which is installed on the remote control of the training manager, and control over the passage is carried out by means of video surveillance.
 
Expected results:  training on the training path is especially useful for acquiring the ability to orientate during the evacuation of smoky apartment buildings, basements, attics, various offices or buildings that have suffered from fires, earthquakes, terrorist attacks and other emergency situations, overcoming of different kinds of obstacles etc.
 
Model (analog) of an apartment is designed for real fire conditions imitation, unusual situations in the residence of people.
 
Model (analog) of industrial zone is used to imitate production conditions, workplace of an employee at the factory, institution, etc.
 
The remote control is designed to perform continuous monitoring of all working space of the with the possibility of further analysis, adjustment and keeping with appropriate conditions of training.
 Compressor is used to pump air into the cylinders of breathing apparatus.
 Service center is designed to perform maintenance work in the center.
 Health Service is used for operational health monitoring of the health of person undergoing training and education in the center.
 Training class - room for training , instruction, examination results , etc. classes .
 Sink is designed for cleaning masks and other equipment ( equipment) used duringtraining in the centre.
 Shower isusedfor people who want to take a showerafter training.
 Wardrobe is designed for changing clothes before and after training.
 Hall of registration is used for registration of people who have come to study and training.
 Workshop is used to carry out the necessary work on service of center equipment.
 
   Psychological-training centre can be used for training, coaching, training and re-training of all categories of professionals of departments of State Service of Emergencies and diverse population, who are involved in the fire- rescue works according to functional duties. Besides professionals of State Service of Emergencies, this centre can be used for preparation, training, testing of firefighters, specialists of emergency crews professionals of municipal services and special units.
   

 





  
 

Contact information:

Our address: 35, Kleparivska St., Lviv

Our telephones:

теl. (032) 233-32-40 – man on duty in University

теl./fax (032) 233-00-88 – office

Our e-mail:

ldubzh.lviv@mns.gov.ua